Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2013 Dec;98(12):4882-9. doi: 10.1210/jc.2013-2141. Epub 2013 Sep 20.

Low plasma atrial natriuretic peptide: a new piece in the puzzle of polycystic ovary syndrome.

Author information

1
MD, PhD, Division of Human Reproduction, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Avenida Alfredo Balena, 110 Ninth Floor, 30130-100 Belo Horizonte, Brazil. reis@medicina.ufmg.br.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

It is believed that a dysfunction in adipose tissue plays an important role in the pathogenesis of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Natriuretic peptides are hormones that regulate cardiovascular and body fluid homeostasis and adipose tissue metabolism. Natriuretic peptide levels are reduced in individuals with obesity and diabetes.

OBJECTIVE:

This study aimed to investigate whether natriuretic peptide levels are altered in women with PCOS and whether they correlate with adiponectin levels or insulin sensitivity markers.

DESIGN AND SETTING:

This was a cross-sectional study at a referral center in a teaching hospital.

PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:

We evaluated 40 patients diagnosed with PCOS according to the Rotterdam criteria and 36 control women matched for age and body mass index.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

We measured serum adiponectin, plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), and plasma brain natriuretic peptide using enzyme immunoassays in both groups. We evaluated metabolic markers, such as fasting glucose, insulin, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein, and triglycerides. In addition, we calculated the homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) and the lipid accumulation product (LAP) index and tested the linear correlations between these metabolic indices and the plasma ANP and serum adiponectin concentrations.

RESULTS:

ANP and adiponectin were reduced in the PCOS group compared with the control group (P = 0.010 and P = 0.014, respectively). The brain natriuretic peptide concentration did not differ between the two groups (P = 0.883). There was no correlation between ANP and any of the metabolic markers. In the control group, the serum adiponectin level was inversely correlated with BMI (P = 0.011), waist circumference (P = 0.021), insulin (P = 0.013), fasting glucose (P = 0.010), homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance index (P = 0.007), and lipid accumulation product (P = 0.022). Remarkably, none of these correlations were observed in the women with PCOS.

CONCLUSION:

Women with PCOS had lower ANP and adiponectin compared with controls matched for age and BMI. Thus, the mechanisms that affect ANP and adiponectin production and clearance may be altered in PCOS, regardless of adiposity. These hormones may be involved in the metabolic features of PCOS.

PMID:
24057296
DOI:
10.1210/jc.2013-2141
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center