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Reprod Biomed Online. 2012 Feb;24(2):197-205. doi: 10.1016/j.rbmo.2011.10.010. Epub 2011 Oct 29.

Apolipoprotein E-containing HDL-associated platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase activities and malondialdehyde concentrations in patients with PCOS.

Author information

1
West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.

Abstract

PAF and PAF-like oxidized phospholipids hydrolysed by platelet-activating factor (PAF) acetylhydrolase (AH) are potent lipid mediators involved in inflammation and atherosclerosis. Apolipoprotein (apo) E-containing high-density lipoprotein (HDL) has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-atherogenic properties. The study investigated apoE-containing HDL-associated PAF-AH (HDL-PAF-AH) and total (apoE-containing+apoE-poor) HDL-PAF-AH activities as well as malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration in 291 patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) using the Rotterdam consensus criteria and 281 control women. Compared with the control women, patients with hyperandrogenism+oligo/anovulation+polycystic ovaries (PCO) or hyperandrogenism+PCO had lower total, apoE-containing and apoE-poor HDL-PAF-AH activities, while those with oligo/anovulation+PCO showed decreased total and apoE-poor HDL-PAF-AH activities. Other factors including insulin resistance and obesity in PCOS had the adverse effects associated with the HDL-PAF-AH activities. Serum MDA concentration was associated with PCOS, hyperandrogenism, insulin resistance and hypertriglyceridaemia in patients with PCOS. Decreased total and apoE-containing HDL-PAF-AH activities and increased serum MDA concentration may contribute to the pathogenesis of PCOS and potentially link to related complications responsible for oxidative stress and inflammation such as an increased risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus and/or future cardiovascular diseases in PCOS patients.

PMID:
22197603
DOI:
10.1016/j.rbmo.2011.10.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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