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Genes Chromosomes Cancer. 1990 Jan;1(3):233-9.

Characterization of the translocation breakpoint sequences in Philadelphia-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

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Leukaemia Research Fund Centre, Institute of Cancer Research, London, England.


We have previously described a patient in whom the breakpoint occurred within the first intron of the BCR gene and have cloned the 9q+ and 22q- junctions. We have now determined the nucleotide sequence around the breakpoints on both translocation products from this patient as well as the corresponding regions from the normal chromosomes 9 and 22. We have compared the sequence with that of the breakpoint regions in the Ph1-positive leukemic patients in order to check for the presence of conserved motifs. A + T-rich sequences and ALU repeat elements are the only sequence characteristics which appear to be very common around translocation regions. The chromosome 9 ABL sequences at or adjacent to the breakpoints present in the 22q- product show homology to the consensus ALU sequence while the chromosome 22 sequences do not, suggesting a non-homologous recombination mechanism. While no sequences are deleted, there is a two-base-pair "homology" at the junction. Therefore, staggered breaks followed by ligation and repair could be part of the mechanism involved in the process of translocation in some cases of Ph1-positive ALL.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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