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Paediatr Child Health. 2002 May;7(5):333-6.

Type 2 diabetes, polycystic ovary syndrome and the insulin resistance syndrome in adolescents: Are they one big iceberg?

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Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba.


Obesity in children may cause overt clinical disease in childhood. The complex endocrine and metabolic changes of obesity and insulin resistance in adolescents result in hyperinsulinemia, dyslipidemia, hypertension, steatohepatitis, glucose intolerance, type 2 diabetes, acanthosis nigricans and ovarian hyperandrogenemia, commonly known as polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Type 2 diabetes and PCOS in adolescents are new endocrine diseases in this age group that require unique approaches to diagnosis and treatment. The direct correlation between duration of disease and control of the disease, and subsequent long term complications of these two diseases, predict serious morbidity in young adult life for the affected adolescents. Pediatricians have an important role in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of obesity, insulin resistance syndrome, type 2 diabetes and PCOS.


Adolescents; Insulin resistance syndrome; Polycystic ovary syndrome; Type 2 diabetes mellitus


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