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Virus Res. 2009 Sep;144(1-2):89-95. doi: 10.1016/j.virusres.2009.04.011. Epub 2009 Apr 24.

Soybean cultivar resistant to Mungbean Yellow Mosaic India Virus infection induces viral RNA degradation earlier than the susceptible cultivar.

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National Institute of Plant Genome Research, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, JNU Campus, New Delhi 110067, India.


Yellow mosaic disease caused by whitefly-transmitted bipartite Geminiviruses is one of the major constraints on productivity of a number of pulse crops. We have cloned the bipartite genome of Mungbean Yellow Mosaic India Virus isolated from infected Soybean. We report here that agroinfection of Soybean seedlings with a single uncut recombinant binary plasmid containing tandem dimers of both DNA A and DNA B resulted in 100% infectivity in susceptible varieties. To understand the mechanism of natural resistance in a Soybean variety, we compared the abundance of the viral RNAs in a resistant and a susceptible variety at the early time points after agroinfection. Whilst the resistant variety displayed synthesis but rapid degradation of the early viral RNAs; the degradation in the susceptible variety was delayed resulting in accumulation of those transcripts later in infection. Accumulation of the late viral transcripts and DNA replication were detectable only in the susceptible variety. This indicates that rapid degradation of the early viral transcripts, possibly through siRNA mechanism, is one of the probable mechanisms of natural resistance against geminivirus.

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