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Neuromuscul Disord. 2009 Feb;19(2):143-6. doi: 10.1016/j.nmd.2008.11.016. Epub 2009 Jan 21.

Infantile mitochondrial encephalomyopathy with unusual phenotype caused by a novel BCS1L mutation in an isolated complex III-deficient patient.

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Centro de Investigación, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain.


Mutations in BCS1L, a respiratory chain complex III assembly chaperone, constitute a major cause of mitochondrial complex III deficiency and are associated with GRACILE and Björnstad syndromes. Here we describe a 4-year-old infant with hyperlactacidemia, mild liver dysfunction, hypotonia, growth and psychomotor retardation, dysmorphic features and mitochondrial complex III deficiency. Respiratory chain enzyme activities showed an isolated complex III defect in muscle and fibroblasts. Sequencing and polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis revealed a novel homozygous BCS1L mutation, c.148A>G, which caused a p.T50A substitution at an evolutionarily conserved BCS1L region. The severity of the complex III enzyme defect correlated with decreased amounts of BCS1L and respiratory chain complex III in the affected tissues. Our findings support a pathogenic role for the novel BCS1L mutation in a patient with a singular clinical phenotype.

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