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Plant Cell. 2008 Jul;20(7):1747-59. doi: 10.1105/tpc.107.057612. Epub 2008 Jul 11.

Calmodulin7 plays an important role as transcriptional regulator in Arabidopsis seedling development.

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National Institute for Plant Genome Research, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110067, India.


Although calmodulin (CaM) is known to play multiple regulatory roles in eukaryotes, its direct function as transcriptional regulator is unknown. Furthermore, the physiological functions of CaM are largely unknown in plants. Here, we show that one of the four Arabidopsis thaliana CaM isoforms, CAM7, is a transcriptional regulator that directly interacts with the promoters of light-inducible genes and promotes photomorphogenesis. CAM7 overexpression causes hyperphotomorphogenic growth and an increase in the expression of light-inducible genes. Mutations in CAM7 produce no visible effects on photomorphogenic growth, indicating likely redundant gene functions. However, cam7 mutants display reduced expression of light-inducible genes, and cam7 hy5 double mutants show an enhancement of the hy5 phenotype. Moreover, overexpression of CAM7 can partly suppress the hy5 phenotype, indicating that the two factors work together to control light-induced seedling development. The mutational and transgenic studies, together with physiological analyses, illustrate the concerted function of CAM7 and HY5 basic leucine zipper transcription factor in Arabidopsis seedling development.

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