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Arch Pathol Lab Med. 1991 Sep;115(9):926-9.

Galanin immunoreactivity in neuroendocrine tumors.

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Department of Pathology, St Micheal's Hospital, University of Toronto, Canada.


We investigated immunoreactivity for galanin, a 29-amino acid peptide, in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded sections of 123 neuroendocrine tumors. Galanin-immunoreactive cells were found in one of 12 hypothalamic gangliocytomas, nine of 18 adrenal pheochromocytomas, nine of 14 pituitary corticotroph adenomas, and one of two thymic endocrine tumors. In pheochromocytomas, galanin-immunoreactive cells were seen either singly or in clusters. In corticotroph adenomas, many tumor cells were positive for galanin, indicating colocalization of corticotropin and galanin in the same tumor cells. No galanin-immunoreactive cells were noted in four extra-adrenal paragangliomas; 10 medullary carcinomas of the thyroid; 35 endocrine tumors arising in the lung, pancreas, and gastrointestinal tract; and 28 pituitary adenomas composed of cells other than corticotrophs. In nontumorous counterparts of these neuroendocrine tumors, galanin immunoreactivity was observed in nerve cells of the hypothalamus, nerve fibers of the duodenum, and adenohypophyseal cells corresponding to corticotrophs. These findings indicate that galanin expression in neuroendocrine tumors is uncommon and restricted to some tumor types.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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