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Chemistry. 2006 Feb 20;12(7):1941-9.

Continua of interactions between pairs of atoms in molecular crystals.

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Department of Chemistry, University of Warsaw ul. Pasteura 1, 02-093 Warszawa (Poland).


The electron density distributions in crystals of five previously studied DMAN complexes and five Schiff bases (two new ones) have been analysed in terms of various properties of bond critical points (BCPs) found in the pair-wise interactions in their lattices. We analysed the continua of interactions including covalent/ionic bonds as well as hydrogen bonds and all other types of weak interactions for all pairs of interacting atoms. The charge density at BCPs and local kinetic and potential energy densities vary exponentially with internuclear distance (or other measures of separation). The parameters of the dependences appear to be characteristics of particular pairs of atom types. The Laplacian and the total (sum of kinetic and potential) energy density at BCPs show similar behaviour with the dependence being of the Morse type. The components lambda1, lambda2, lambda3 of the Laplacian at BCPs vary systematically with internuclear distance according to the type of atom pair. For lambda1 and lambda2 the distribution is of the exponential type, whereas lambda3 does not seem to follow any simple functional form, consistent with previous theoretical findings. Analytical nonlinear dependences of Laplacian on charge density have been found. They agree reasonably well with those obtained by least square fit of the Laplacian to charge density data. There are four distinct regions of the [symbol: see text]2rho(BCP)/rho(BCP) space, generated by E(BCP) = 0 and G(BCP)/rho(BCP) = 1 conditions. Two regions clearly correspond to the shared-shell and closed-shell interactions and the other two to some intermediate situation.

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