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Horm Res. 2006;65(1):1-5. Epub 2005 Nov 1.

Pegvisomant treatment in a 4-year-old girl with neurofibromatosis type 1.

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University Department of Growth and Reproduction, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.



Growth hormone (GH) excess in childhood is a rare disorder. Current treatment options such as somatostatin analogues, pituitary surgery or irradiation can have serious side effects. Recently, a GH receptor antagonist, pegvisomant, was introduced for the treatment of adults with acromegaly. We wanted to investigate whether pegvisomant was effective in a child with octreotide-resistant GH excess.


A 4-year-old girl with neurofibromatosis type 1 and GH excess associated with optic glioma received pegvisomant injections (10 mg subcutaneously) with increasing intervals from daily to every 4th day.


IGF-I and IGFBP-3 decreased from +6.9 and 4.6 standard deviation scores (SDS), respectively, to within normal range. Height velocity dropped from 12.4 SDS to mean -0.7 SDS (range: -5.0 to 5.0) and height SDS decreased from +1.3 to +0.6 (target height: +0.2). Random non-fasting serum GH values were mean 5.0 mlU/l (range: 1.6-9.5). There was no change in fasting blood glucose (4.6-4.7 mmol/l) or glycosylated haemoglobin (5.5%) and no subjective or biochemical side effects. Repeated tests of thyroid, adrenal and gonadal function showed no alterations during the treatment period. Intracranial tumours remained unchanged in size and visual impairment did not deteriorate.


Pegvisomant normalized IGF-I and IGFBP-3 levels. Growth velocity was normalized after initial catch-down growth, and it remains to be seen whether this result can be maintained during long-term treatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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