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Cell Signal. 2006 Feb;18(2):225-35. Epub 2005 Jun 3.

Peptide growth factors signal differentially through protein kinase C to extracellular signal-regulated kinases in neonatal cardiomyocytes.

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NHLI Division, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, Flowers Building (4th Floor), Armstrong Road, London SW7 2AZ, UK.


The extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 (ERK1/2) are activated in cardiomyocytes by Gq protein-coupled receptors and are associated with induction of hypertrophy. Here, we demonstrate that, in primary cardiomyocyte cultures, ERK1/2 were also significantly activated by platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), epidermal growth factor (EGF) or fibroblast growth factor (FGF), but insulin, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and nerve growth factor (NGF) had relatively minor effects. PDGF, EGF or FGF increased cardiomyocyte size via ERK1/2, whereas insulin, IGF-1 or NGF had no effect suggesting minimum thresholds/durations of ERK1/2 signaling are required for the morphological changes associated with hypertrophy. Peptide growth factors are widely accepted to activate phospholipase C gamma1 (PLCgamma1) and protein kinase C (PKC). In cardiomyocytes, only PDGF stimulated tyrosine phosphorylation of PLCgamma1 and nPKCdelta. Furthermore, activation of ERK1/2 by PDGF, but not EGF, required PKC activity. In contrast, EGF substantially increased Ras.GTP with rapid activation of c-Raf, whereas stimulation of Ras.GTP loading by PDGF was minimal and activation of c-Raf was delayed. Our data provide clear evidence for differential coupling of PDGF and EGF receptors to the ERK1/2 cascade, and indicate that a minimum threshold/duration of ERK1/2 signaling is required for the development of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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