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J Lipid Res. 2004 Dec;45(12):2211-20. Epub 2004 Sep 16.

Preferential inhibition of paraoxonase activity of human paraoxonase 1 by negatively charged lipids.

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College of Pharmacy, Chungnam National University, Yuseong-Ku, Taejon 305-764, Korea.


To determine the causes responsible for a preferential decrease of paraoxonase activity, which has been observed in the serum of patients with cardiovascular diseases, the inactivation or inhibition of paraoxonase 1 (PON1) by various endogenous factors was examined using paraoxon or phenyl acetate as a substrate. When purified PON1 was incubated with various endogenous oxidants or aldehydes, they failed to cause a preferential reduction of paraoxonase activity, suggesting no participation of the inactivation mechanism in the preferential loss of paraoxonase activity. Next, when we examined the inhibition of PON1 activity by endogenous lipids, monoenoic acids such as palmitoleic acid or oleic acid inhibited paraoxonase activity preferentially, in contrast to a parallel inhibition of both activities by polyunsaturated or saturated acids. Noteworthy, oleoylglycine inhibited paraoxonase activity, but not arylesterase activity, complying with the selective inhibition of paraoxonase activity. Moreover, such a selective inhibition of paraoxonase activity was also expressed by lysophosphatidylglycerol or lysophosphatidylinositol, but not by lysophosphatidylserine or lysophosphatidylcholine, indicating the importance of the type of head group. Furthermore, such a preferential or selective inhibition of paraoxonase activity was also observed with PON1 associated with HDL or plasma. These data suggest that some negatively charged lipids may correspond to factors causing the preferential inhibition of paraoxonase activity of PON1.

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