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Plant J. 2004 Feb;37(4):471-83.

ydk1-D, an auxin-responsive GH3 mutant that is involved in hypocotyl and root elongation.

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Graduate School of Integrated Science, Yokohama City University, 22-2 Seto, Kanazawaku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 236-0027, Japan.


To study the GH3 gene family of Arabidopsis, we investigated a flanking sequence database of Arabidopsis activation-tagged lines. We found a dwarf mutant, named yadokari 1-D (ydk1-D), that had a T-DNA insertion proximal to a GH3 gene. ydk1-D is dominant and has a short hypocotyl not only in light but also in darkness. Moreover, ydk1-D has a short primary root, a reduced lateral root number, and reduced apical dominance. A GH3 gene, named YDK1, was upregulated in ydk1-D, and YDK1 transgenic plants showed the ydk1-D phenotype. YDK1 gene expression was induced by exogenously applied auxin and regulated by auxin-response factor (ARF)7. In addition, YDK1 gene expression was downregulated by blue and far-red (FR) lights. Strong promoter activity of YDK1 was observed in roots and flowers. These results suggest that YDK1 may function as a negative component in auxin signaling by regulating auxin activity.

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