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Arch Oral Biol. 1992 Nov;37(11):935-43.

Interleukin-1: the principal osteolytic cytokine produced by keratocysts.

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Joint Department of Maxillofacial Surgery and Oral Medicine, Eastman Dental Hospital, London, U.K.


Fragments of keratocysts removed at operation were maintained in explant culture and the media were assayed for the biological activity of the potent osteolytic cytokines--interleukin (IL)-1, interleukin (IL)-6 and tumour necrosis factor (TNF). Media were also assayed for their ability to stimulate bone resorption. All six cysts examined released IL-1 and IL-6 bioactivity but TNF bioactivity was unmeasurable. Dialysed cyst media stimulated bone resorption and this could be completely inhibited by a monospecific antibody which neutralized IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta. Immunohistochemical staining of cryostat sections of keratocysts revealed the presence of IL-1 alpha and IL-6 in cyst epithelial cells but not in other cell types. Sections did not react with antibodies to IL-1 beta or TNF. It is therefore proposed that IL-1 alpha is the major osteolytic cytokine produced by keratocysts and that IL-6 and IL-1 may contribute to keratocyst growth by promoting epithelial cell proliferation and bone resorption, respectively.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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