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J Lab Clin Med. 1992 Jun;119(6):751-62.

Hemophilia A carrier detection by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis and discriminant analysis based on ELISA of factor VIII and vWf.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Abstract

We performed carrier determination on female subjects from 32 hemophilia A kindreds with a combination of restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis and discriminant analysis of factor VIII antigen and von Willebrand factor antigen analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Subjects included 25 obligate carriers, 30 at-risk female subjects from 19 kindreds each with two or more male subjects, with hemophilia and 28 at-risk female subjects from 13 kindreds each with a single sporadic case. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) analysis with factor VIII intragenic probes clarified the carrier status of 15 female subjects, and extragenic probes classified an additional 14. Discriminant analysis, which identified 24 of 25 (96%) obligate carriers with carrier probabilities greater than or equal to 0.71 and 37 of 39 (95.0%) normal female subjects with probabilities less than or equal to 0.30, was useful for clarifying the carrier status of the female subjects who were not helped by DNA analysis and those that were classified by extragenic probes alone. Twenty-nine female subjects could not be categorized by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis because DNA was unavailable from the subject or from key family members, key female subjects were noninformative, or carriership could not be excluded by restriction fragment length polymorphism in kindreds with sporadic cases. We studied 28 of these female subjects by discriminant analysis; 15 had carrier probabilities of greater than or equal to 0.71, 12 less than or equal to 0.30, and 1 = 0.35. All carriers by extragenic probes had carrier probability values greater than or equal to 0.71, whereas all noncarriers had values less than or equal to 0.30. In some families, particularly those in which gonadal mosaicism was a possibility, extensive family studies together with DNA and discriminant analyses were required for clarifying the source of the mutation, and hence the carrier status of the at-risk female subjects. Thus DNA and discriminant analyses complement each other, and when combined with careful pedigree analysis, the power of carrier determination is increased in some families.

PMID:
1350611
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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