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J Thromb Haemost. 2003 Aug;1(8):1799-804.

Lack of association of the plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 4G/5G promoter polymorphism with cardiovascular disease in the elderly.

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Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05446, USA.


Elevated circulating plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) may increase risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The 4G allele of the 4G/5G PAI-1 promoter polymorphism is associated with higher levels of PAI-1. We examined the association of PAI-1 4G/5G genotype and CVD events in the elderly participants of the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS). We measured 4G/5G genotype in a nested case-control study within the CHS. Cases included incident angina, myocardial infarction (MI), and stroke. 4G/5G genotype was not found to be associated with markers of fibrinolysis or CVD risk in the selected elderly cohort. There were no differences in genotype frequencies by case-control status (5G/5G frequency 16-22%; chi2P= 0.07). The 5G allele was not associated with incident CVD events when individuals with at least one 5G allele were compared to 4G/4G homozygotes. The presence of at least one 4G allele was likewise not associated with incident CVD when those with 4G/4G and 4G/5G genotypes were compared to 5G/5G homozygotes. Our results suggest that the PAI-1 4G/5G promoter polymorphism is not associated CVD risk factors or incident CVD events in the elderly.

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