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J Inherit Metab Dis. 2002 Sep;25(5):385-9.

Identification of novel mutations in the NPC1 gene in German patients with Niemann-Pick C disease.

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Institute for Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, University of Regensburg, Germany.


Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC) is an inherited neuro-degenerative disorder associated with intracellular cholesterol trafficking defects. Mutations in two distinct genes, NPC1 and HE1, have recently been shown to cause this disease. We have analysed the NPC1 gene in five German patients with NPC from four unrelated families. We identified a total of five novel mutations in the coding region of the NPC1 gene (G231V, D874V, 1642M, 11094T and R116stop). All affected individuals displayed compound heterozygosity. The mutated alleles were transmitted by the nonaffected parents with the exception of one patient, in whom a de novo mutation (G231V) had occurred. Interestingly, the G231V/P237S NPC1 genotype in this individual is associated with an early-onset form of NPC. In contrast, we found that the D874V/D948N genotype, observed in another NPC patient, is characterized by a late onset of clinical symptoms that presents with a pronounced white-matter disease. Our results will contribute to defining the association between the clinical phenotypes and the genetic abnormalities in Niemann-Pick C disease.

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