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Clin Chem. 2002 Nov;48(11):2066-70.

Lack of association between increased carotid intima-media thickening and decreased HDL-cholesterol in a family with a novel ABCA1 variant, G2265T.

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1
Department of Medicine, University of Maryland and Veterans Administration Medical Center, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA.

Abstract

Low HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) concentrations are inversely correlated with cardiovascular disease, and previous studies have demonstrated that variants in the ATP-binding cassette transporter, ABCA1, are responsible for a proportion of HDL-C deficiency states. We identified a novel variant in ABCA1 in a kindred with decreased HDL-C. This variant was not identified in >200 chromosomes of healthy individuals. The proband, a heterozygote for G2265T, developed premature coronary artery disease. In addition to low HDL-C, six biological family members heterozygous for the ABCA1 variant exhibited low HDL-C concentrations compared with unaffected family members (0.83 +/- 0.32 vs 1.33 +/- 0.36 mmol/L; P = 0.009). Despite the decreased HDL-C, carotid artery B-mode ultrasound studies failed to reveal increased intima-media thickening in affected individuals compared with age- and sex-matched controls. Although these data extend previous observations that a single defective ABCA1 allele may lead to decreased HDL-C, associated evidence of early atherosclerosis was not confirmed.

PMID:
12407001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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