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Growth Horm IGF Res. 1998 Oct;8(5):397-401.

Cafeteria diet-induced obesity is associated with a low spontaneous growth hormone secretion and normal plasma insulin-like growth factor-I concentrations.

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Department of Pediatrics, Medical School of the Free University of Brussels, Belgium.


Pituitary growth hormone (GH) secretion has been shown to be blunted in human and animal obesity. With respect to human obesity, cafeteria diet-induced obesity might be an appropriate model to study spontaneous GH secretion. In 6 cafeteria diet-overfed obese male Wistar rats and 6 control rats with chronically implanted catheters, GH levels were measured every 15 min over 6 h by standard RIA. A significantly lower GH secretion, reflected by the integrated GH concentration, was found in the obese rats (median 16.46, [range 10.55-19.13] ng/ml x 6 h vs 35.63 [range 21.90-41.50] ng/ml x 6 h, P < 0.05). The GH secretion in the obese rats was significantly negatively correlated with the body fat percentage, assessed by dual X-ray absorptiometry (Rho = -0.95, P < 0.05). Median plasma insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) concentration was comparable between the two groups, while the median insulin concentration was significantly higher in the obese group (1.95 [range 1.76-3.55] ng/ml vs 1.21 [range 0.86-2.13] ng/ml, P < 0.05). No significant correlation existed between GH secretion and the plasma insulin concentration. In conclusion, cafeteria diet-induced obesity is associated with a low spontaneous GH secretion and normal plasma IGF-I concentration. The hyperinsulinemia present in this model probably explains the normal IGF-I concentrations, but not the GH hyposecretion.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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