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Acta Diabetol. 1999 Sep;36(3):155-8.

Circulating tissue-type plasminogen activator and plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 in proliferative diabetic retinopathy: a pilot study.

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Raine Laboratory, Medical School, Teviot Place, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, Scotland, UK.


Several haemostatic abnormalities are associated with proliferative diabetic retinopathy. While abnormalities in plasma fibrinolytic activity have been described in diabetic retinopathy, platelets (a rich source of plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1, PAI-1) have received little attention. As a result, little is known about the fibrinolytic potential of circulating whole blood in diabetic retinopathy. The concentrations of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) and of its fast-acting inhibitor. PAI-1 were measured in plasma from eight patients with type 1 diabetes complicated by proliferative retinopathy, and from eight patients with type 1 diabetes and background or no retinopathy, matched for age, sex and duration of diabetes. The concentration of PAI-1 in platelets was also measured. The ratio of t-PTA to PAI-1 in plasma was significantly higher in patients with proliferative retinopathy than in those without (0.66 vs. 0.37, p < 0.02). The average quantity of PAI-1 per platelet was significantly lower in the group with proliferative retinopathy (0.33 vs. 0.50 ng/10(6) platelets, p < 0.02). These data suggest that among patients with type 1 diabetes, total circulating fibrinolytic potential is higher in those with proliferative retinopathy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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