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Growth Horm IGF Res. 1999 Dec;9(6):451-7.

Effects of a 7-day continuous infusion of octreotide on circulating levels of growth factors and binding proteins in growth hormone (GH)-treated GH-deficient patients.

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1
Centre for Clinical Pharmacology, Institute of Pharmacology, Aarhus University, Denmark. torben.laursen@dadlnet.dk/tl@farm.au.dk

Abstract

In patients with acromegaly, clinical improvement has been reported after octreotide (OCT) treatment, even in cases of only a moderate suppression of growth hormone (GH) levels. In rats, OCT suppresses IGF-I mRNA expression and generation of serum and tissue IGF-I levels. A direct effect of OCT on the IGF system could have therapeutical implications in diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, and certain malignancies in which IGF-I might be involved. The aim of this study was to examine possible GH-independent effects of OCT on IGF components in humans. Six GH-deficient (GHD) patients were studied for 24 h after each of the following treatment regimens (each of 1 weeks duration): (a) daily s.c. GH injection (2 IU/m(2)); (b) as (a) + continuous s.c. infusion of OCT (200 microg/24 h) by means of a portable pump (Nordic Infuser); (c) no treatment. Serum GH binding protein (GHBP) levels tended to be lower after GH and OCT than after GH alone (P =0.10). OCT reduced the GH induced increase in serum IGF-I levels (P<0.05, ANOVA). Mean integrated levels (microg/l) were 359.1+/-49.6 (GH), and 301.6+/-58.9 (GH+OCT). OCT did not significantly reduce serum IGFBP-3 levels (microg/l) [3460+/-270 (GH), and 3112+/-435 (GH+/-OCT);P =0.14]. Serum levels of free IGF-I (P =0.39), IGF-II (P =0.54), and of the acid-labile subunit (ALS) of the ternary complex (P =0.50) were similar during GH+/-OCT as compared with GH alone. After 1 week off GH treatment, significantly lower levels of IGF-I, IGF-II, IGFBP-3, and ALS were recorded (P<0.001). Serum IGFBP-1 levels were significantly higher after GH+OCT than after GH alone (P<0.0001), and levels were even higher without GH. Serum insulin levels (pmol/l) were significantly higher after GH alone as compared with no GH (P<0.05, ANOVA), whereas OCT partly suppressed the insulinotropic effect of GH (P<0. 05) [mean: 114.5+/-33.0 (GH), 91.3+/-29.6 (GH+OCT), 65.9+/-22.5 (no GH)]. This was also reflected in higher blood glucose levels during GH+OCT. Finally, GH+OCT reduced glucagon levels significantly as compared with GH alone (P =0.02). In conclusion, 7 days' administration of OCT to GH-treated GHD patients slightly attenuated serum IGF-I generation, and tended to decrease levels of the other components of the 150 kDa ternary complex. Whether these effects are mediated directly by OCT or indirectly via the accompanying changes in insulin levels remains to be investigated.

PMID:
10629166
DOI:
10.1054/ghir.1999.0131
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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