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Pharmacol Res. 2000 Feb;41(2):221-9.

Exogenous insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 improves the impaired healing of gastric mucosal lesions in diabetic rats.

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Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Kyoto Pharmaceutical University, Misasagi, Yamashina, Kyoto, 607-8414, Japan.



We examined the influence of diabetes mellitus (DM) on the healing of HCl-induced gastric lesions and the healing promoting effect of IGF-1 on these lesions.


Experiments were performed on rats injected with streptozotocin (STZ, 70 mg kg(-1), i.p.) 5 weeks prior to the experimental session. Diabetic animals had blood glucose levels (BGLs) higher than 350 mg dl(-1). Randomly chosen rats were treated with insulin (4 IU day(-1) rat(-1)) starting 1 week after STZ. Animals were given 1 ml of 0.6 m HCl by gavage following 18 h of fasting. Normal feeding was started 1 h later. Animals were killed at various time points after HCl. Recombinant human IGF-1 (rhIGF-1) at doses 10-400 microg kg(-1) was injected subcutaneously twice daily for 4 days following HCl treatment.


Gastric lesions induced by HCl healed macroscopically within 10 days. DM and insulin regimen did not affect the development of HCl-invoked gastric lesions. However, DM significantly delayed the healing of such lesions. Daily administration of insulin returned the high BGLs to significantly lower ranges (190-210 mg dl(-1)) and markedly antagonized the delayed healing. Likewise, the repeated administration of rhIGF-1 (>/=10 microg kg(-1)) significantly enhanced the healing of gastric lesions in diabetic rats, without any notable effect on BGLs or gastric acid secretion. The mucosal expression of IGF-1 mRNA was lower in diabetic rat stomachs as compared to normal rats, although the expression was apparently restored after insulin treatment.


These results suggest that DM has a deleterious influence on the healing of acute gastric lesions in both insulin- and IGF-1-sensitive manner. The systemic administration of rhIGF enhanced the rate of healing of gastric lesions observed in the healing-impaired STZ-diabetic animals.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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