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J Bone Miner Res. 1999 May;14(5):730-9.

Novel mutations in the 1alpha-hydroxylase (P450c1) gene in three families with pseudovitamin D-deficiency rickets resulting in loss of functional enzyme activity in blood-derived macrophages.

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University Department of Medicine, Manchester Royal Infirmary, Manchester, United Kingdom.


Pseudovitamin D-defiency rickets (PDDR) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by hypocalcemia, rickets (which are resistant to treatment with vitamin D), and low or undetectable serum levels of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)2D). The symptoms are corrected with 1,25(OH)2D treatment, and the disease is now believed to result from a defect in the cytochrome P450 component (P450c1; CYP27B1) of the renal 25-hydroxyvitamin D-1alpha-hydroxylase (1-OHase). We have studied genomic DNA from three families with PDDR and have identified the same homozygous mutation in the P450c1 gene in two of the index cases, causing a frameshift in exon 8, resulting in a premature stop codon in the heme-binding domain. The two cases in the third kindred were compound heterozygotes with missense mutations in exons 6 and 9. We have also identified a C/T polymorphism in intron 6 of the P450c1 genomic DNA. Interferon gamma-inducible 1-OHase activity in blood-derived macrophages was shown by 1,25(OH)2D synthesis in all control cells tested (37-184 fmol/h/106 cells) and those from the PDDR family parents (34-116 fmol/h/106 cells) but was totally absent from the patients' cells, indicating a defect in their macrophage 1-OHase, similar to the presumed renal defect. The assumption of similarity between the renal and macrophage P450c1 was supported by our ability to clone a 514 bp sequence, including the heme-binding region of the macrophage P450c1 cDNA from controls, which was identical to that published for both the renal and keratinocyte P450c1 cDNAs.

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