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J Cutan Med Surg. 1999 Jan;3(3):140-4.

In vitro C3 mRNA expression in Pemphigus vulgaris: complement activation is increased by IL-1alpha and TNF-alpha.

Author information

1
Department of Dermatology, University "G.D'Annunzio," Chieti, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is a potentially life-threatening disease, characterized immunohistologically by IgG deposits and complement activation on the surface of keratinocytes. Complement activation has been implicated in the pathogenesis with C3 deposits in about 90% of patients.

OBJECTIVE:

In order to further elucidate the role of complement in PV and to define which cytokines play a role in C3 mRNA expression, we performed an in vitro study in human keratinocytes.

METHODS:

Normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHuK) were incubated with PV serum and C3 mRNA was measured. We previously had shown that IL-1alpha and TNF-alpha are expressed in PV in vivo and in vitro. Since cytokines are able to modulate complement activation, mRNA expression was evaluated in a similar experiment after pretreatment using antibodies against IL-1alpha and TNF-alpha.

RESULTS:

Incubation of NHuK with PV sera caused their detachment from the plates after 20-30 minutes with a complete acantholysis within 12 hours. An early C3 mRNA expression was seen after 30 minutes with a peak level after 1 hour. Blocking studies, using antibodies against human IL-1alpha and TNF-alpha in NHuK together with PV-IgG, showed reduction of in vitro induced acantholysis and inhibition of C3 mRNA expression.

CONCLUSION:

This study supports the hypothesis that complement C3 is important in PV acantholysis and that complement activation is increased by IL-1alpha and TNF-alpha.

PMID:
10082594
DOI:
10.1177/120347549900300306
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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