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J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl). 2010 Apr;94(2):212-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0396.2008.00900.x. Epub 2009 Jan 13.

Effects of carbohydrate sources on growth, body composition and tissue lipid deposition of blackspot seabream, Pagellus bogaraveo (Brunnich).

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1
CIMAR/CIIMAR, Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal. lvalente@icbas.up.pt

Abstract

Rearing blackspot seabream has been associated with low growth rates and excessive lipid accumulation, resulting in a reduction of the edible yield. The effect of extruded diets containing different carbohydrate sources (wheat vs. wheat bran) was evaluated on 100 g blackspot seabream growth performance, feed utilization and fat deposition, taking into consideration the optimal dietary protein and lipid level described for smaller-sized fish. A fish meal-based diet was also tested as a control to assure maximal growth rates were achieved. The experiment was held in sea cages at environmental conditions. Duplicate groups of fish were distributed among six cages with a stocking density of 1.3 kg/m(3) and hand-fed each diet for 7 months. At the end of the experiment, fish in all groups doubled their body weight attaining 190-230 g. Specific growth rate (0.3-04), feed conversion ratio (1.3-1.6) and protein gain (0.5-0.6 g/kg/day) were similar among treatments. The Hepatosomatic Index, the Viscerosomatic Index and final whole body composition did not vary significantly among dietary treatments; nevertheless, the inclusion of wheat bran induced a significant increase of liver lipid content and the highest mesenteric fat index. All diets were effective in reducing whole body and mesenteric fat compared with initial values.

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