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BMC Bioinformatics. 2014 Jan 3;15:1. doi: 10.1186/1471-2105-15-1.

New mini- zincin structures provide a minimal scaffold for members of this metallopeptidase superfamily.

Author information

1
Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, Cambridgeshire, CB10 1SA, UK. ndr@ebi.ac.uk.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The Acel_2062 protein from Acidothermus cellulolyticus is a protein of unknown function. Initial sequence analysis predicted that it was a metallopeptidase from the presence of a motif conserved amongst the Asp-zincins, which are peptidases that contain a single, catalytic zinc ion ligated by the histidines and aspartic acid within the motif (HEXXHXXGXXD). The Acel_2062 protein was chosen by the Joint Center for Structural Genomics for crystal structure determination to explore novel protein sequence space and structure-based function annotation.

RESULTS:

The crystal structure confirmed that the Acel_2062 protein consisted of a single, zincin-like metallopeptidase-like domain. The Met-turn, a structural feature thought to be important for a Met-zincin because it stabilizes the active site, is absent, and its stabilizing role may have been conferred to the C-terminal Tyr113. In our crystallographic model there are two molecules in the asymmetric unit and from size-exclusion chromatography, the protein dimerizes in solution. A water molecule is present in the putative zinc-binding site in one monomer, which is replaced by one of two observed conformations of His95 in the other.

CONCLUSIONS:

The Acel_2062 protein is structurally related to the zincins. It contains the minimum structural features of a member of this protein superfamily, and can be described as a "mini- zincin". There is a striking parallel with the structure of a mini-Glu-zincin, which represents the minimum structure of a Glu-zincin (a metallopeptidase in which the third zinc ligand is a glutamic acid). Rather than being an ancestral state, phylogenetic analysis suggests that the mini-zincins are derived from larger proteins.

PMID:
24383880
PMCID:
PMC3890501
DOI:
10.1186/1471-2105-15-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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