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Protein Sci. 2005 Dec;14(12):3115-20. Epub 2005 Oct 31.

Solution structure of the Escherichia coli protein ydhR: a putative mono-oxygenase.

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Department of Biochemistry, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, N6A 5C1, Canada.


YdhR is a 101-residue conserved protein from Escherichia coli. Sequence searches reveal that the protein has >50% identity to proteins found in a variety of other bacterial genomes. Using size exclusion chromatography and fluorescence spectroscopy, we determined that ydhR exists in a dimeric state with a dissociation constant of approximately 40 nM. The three-dimensional structure of dimeric ydhR was determined using NMR spectroscopy. A total of 3400 unambiguous NOEs, both manually and automatically assigned, were used for the structure calculation that was refined using an explicit hydration shell. A family of 20 structures was obtained with a backbone RMSD of 0.48 A for elements of secondary structure. The structure reveals a dimeric alpha,beta fold characteristic of the alpha+beta barrel superfamily of proteins. Bioinformatic approaches were used to show that ydhR likely belongs to a recently identified group of mono-oxygenase proteins that includes ActVA-Orf6 and YgiN and are involved in the oxygenation of polyaromatic ring compounds.

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