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Arch Toxicol. 1999 Aug;73(6):289-95.

Synergistic effects of some metals contaminating mussels on the cytotoxicity of the marine toxin okadaic acid.

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1
Laboratory of Toxicology and Applied Hygiene, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2, 146, rue Léo-Saignat, F-33076 Bordeaux, France.

Abstract

Okadaic acid (OA), a marine toxin is cytotoxic and promotes tumours in mouse skin. It is a specific and potent inhibitor of protein synthesis and also inhibits phosphatases A1 and A2 in vitro. In the present study, we investigated the influence of metals found at acceptable levels in mussels as environmental pollutants on the cytotoxicity of OA in Vero cells. Among the metals found in mussels (Mytilus edulis), the most represented, in terms of molar quantities per gram of dried weight are aluminium (230 nmol/g), copper (58 nmol/g), lead (16 nmol/g), mercury (14 nmol/g) and cadmium (7.4 nmol/g). A solution containing these five metals Al(3+), Cu(2+), Pb(2+), Hg(2+) and Cd(2+) combined at the concentrations detected in mussels, stimulated protein synthesis (+25%, P < 0.01), whereas different dilutions of this solution in the presence of okadaic acid (15 ng/ml, i.e. 18.7 x 10(-9) M) increased the percentage of protein synthesis inhibition from 35 to 79%. The metals also increased the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release into the medium and the lipid peroxidation induced by this algal toxin. In addition, these metals reduced the cell viability for an incubation period of 24 h especially at the two higher concentrations. These results indicate that metals (Al(3+), Cu(2+), Pb(2+), Hg(2+), Cd(2+)) in concentration ranges largely below the acceptable levels, synergistically increase the cytotoxicity of low concentrations of OA in cultured cells.

PMID:
10447554
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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