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Front Chem. 2014 Jul 18;2:49. doi: 10.3389/fchem.2014.00049. eCollection 2014.

Nanoparticles from renewable polymers.

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Physical Chemistry of Polymers, Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research Mainz, Germany.
Life Sciences and Engineering, University of Applied Sciences Bingen Bingen, Germany.


The use of polymers from natural resources can bring many benefits for novel polymeric nanoparticle systems. Such polymers have a variety of beneficial properties such as biodegradability and biocompatibility, they are readily available on large scale and at low cost. As the amount of fossil fuels decrease, their application becomes more interesting even if characterization is in many cases more challenging due to structural complexity, either by broad distribution of their molecular weights (polysaccharides, polyesters, lignin) or by complex structure (proteins, lignin). This review summarizes different sources and methods for the preparation of biopolymer-based nanoparticle systems for various applications.


biodegradation; formulation of nanoparticles; nanoparticles; polymers

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