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Psychiatry Res. 2012 Aug 15;198(3):527-32. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2012.02.023. Epub 2012 Mar 20.

The cerebellum and neuropsychiatric disorders.

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Servicio de Psiquiatria, Hospital Universitario La Paz, Paseo de Castellana 261, 28046 Madrid, Spain.


Relative to non-human primates, in humans the cerebellum, and prefrontal cortex are brain regions which have undergone major evolutionary changes. In recent decades, progress in molecular biology and advances in the development of functional neuroimaging analysis have shown that the evolution of the human cerebellum was accompanied by the acquisition of more functions than were previously deduced from human post-mortem studies and animal experimentation. These new cerebellar functions included the control of attention and other cognitive functions, emotions and mood, and social behavior, which were all thought to represent cortical functions. The importance of this new view of cerebellar physiology has been confirmed by the frequency of neuropsychiatric disorders in individuals with cerebellar abnormalities. The information collected in this review emphasizes the importance of cerebellar studies in establishing the physiological substrate of mental diseases.

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