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J Biomater Sci Polym Ed. 2004;15(1):41-57.

Effect of the fiber diameter and porosity of non-woven PET fabrics on the osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells.

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Department of Biomaterials, Field of Tissue Engineering, Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences, Kyoto University, 53 Kawara-cho Shogoin, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8507, Japan.


The proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) was investigated in three-dimensional non-woven fabrics prepared from polyethylene terephthalate (PET) fiber with different diameters. When seeded into the fabrics of cell scaffold, more MSC attached in the fabric of thicker PET fibers than that of thinner ones, irrespective of the fabric porosity. The morphology of cells attached became more spreaded with an increase in the fiber diameter of fabrics. The rate of MSC proliferation depended on the PET fiber diameter and porosity of fabrics: the bigger the fiber diameter of fabrics with higher porosity, the higher their proliferation rate. When the alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and osteocalcin content of MSC cultured in different types of fabrics was measured to evaluate the ostegenic differentiation, they became maximum for the non-woven fabrics with a fiber diameter of 9.0 microm, although the values of low-porous fabrics were significantly high compared with those of high porous fabrics. We concluded that the attachment, proliferation and bone differentiation of MSC was influenced by the fiber diameter and porosity of non-woven fabrics as the scaffold.

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