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Surg Technol Int. 2018 Jun 1;32:67-74.

Antimicrobial Efficacy of a Silver Impregnated Hydrophilic PU Foam.

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5D Health Protection Group Ltd. , Liverpool Bio-Innovation Hub, Liverpool, United Kingdom.


A novel hydrophilic polyurethane (PU) foam dressing which is impregnated with silver chloride, OptifoamĀ® Gentle (OG) Ag+ (Medline Industries Inc., Chicago, Illinois), was evaluated in this study. The aims of this study were to determine the rate of elution of silver from the foam dressing over a period of 168 hours into simulated wound fluid and an evaluation of antimicrobial efficacy using zone of inhibition (ZOI), direct kill, and time-kill viability. Thirty-two microorganisms associated with wounds including Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Methicillin sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA), Acinetobacter baumannii, Candida albicans, and antibiotic-resistant strains (Methicillin-resistant S. aureus [MRSA] and Vancomycin-resistant Enterococci [VRE]) were evaluated. Silver release from the wound dressing showed an exponential curve with a stable sustained release of 25ppm achieved after 24 hours, which was maintained for the full duration of the study. OG Ag+ caused inhibition zones ranging from 4-16mm after a 24-hour contact time. In the direct kill assay, OG Ag+ reduced the microbial numbers below the limit of detection and reduced viability by a log of four within 24 hours. For the time-kill viability studies, the results support the use of this hydrophilic polyurethane foam as a wound dressing for use in wounds at risk of infection or infected by achieving a four log kill within six hours and a six log kill in 16 hours. In conclusion, OG Ag+ was shown to be an effective wound dressing in the killing of a range of important opportunistic pathogens of relevance to wound healing and infections. Achieving a six log kill against S. aureus and E.coli, within 16 hours in the time kill assay, (ASTM E2315-03) demonstrates that OG Ag+ should be an important addition to the armoury available for the management of acute and chronic wounds at risk of infection or clinically infected.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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