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J Affect Disord. 2018 May;232:17-22. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2018.02.008. Epub 2018 Feb 13.

State-trait anxiety levels during pregnancy and foetal parameters following intervention with music therapy.

Author information

1
Rafael Mendez Hospital, The University of Lorca, Lorca, Murcia, Spain. Electronic address: jessyka_gg@um.es.
2
Torrecardenas Hospital, Almeria, Spain. Electronic address: m_miranda70@hotmail.com.
3
Department of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Medicine, The University of Almerıa, Almerıa, Spain. Electronic address: mrm047@ual.es.
4
Department of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Medicine, The University of Almerıa, Almerıa, Spain; Andalusian Council of Health in Almeria Province, Almerıa, Spain. Electronic address: tesifon.parron@ono.com.
5
Department of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Medicine, The University of Almerıa, Almerıa, Spain. Electronic address: ralarcon@ual.es.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Research indicates that anxiety during pregnancy may be a risk factor for the development of alterations in the mental health of the pregnant woman and of obstetric complications.

OBJECTIVE:

to investigate the effect of music therapy on maternal anxiety, before and after a non-stress test (NST), and the effect of maternal anxiety on the birthing process and birth size.

METHODS:

409 nulliparous women coming for routine prenatal care were randomized in the third trimester to receive either music therapy (n = 204) or no music therapy (n = 205) during an NST. Maternal anxiety was assessed using the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory before and after the NST.

RESULTS:

After the NST, the women from the music group showed significantly lower scores in state anxiety (OR = 0.87; p < 0.001) as well as trait anxiety (p < 0.001) than the control group. Furthermore, the pregnant women from the music group presented lower levels of state-trait anxiety than the control group in relation to the variables of birth process, and higher birth weight and chest circumference in the newborn (OR = 3.5 and OR = 0.81, respectively; p < 0.05).

LIMITATIONS:

This study was limited by the fact that it was a single-centre study; the observers conducting the NST were not blinded to the allocation, although neither midwife had any knowledge of the maternal anxiety scores, and we could not apply the double-blind method due to the nature of the observation.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our findings confirm that music therapy intervention during pregnancy could reduce elevated state-trait anxiety levels during the third trimester. Further research into the influence of music therapy as intervention on maternal anxiety and on the birthing process and birth size is required during pregnancy.

KEYWORDS:

Birth length; Birth weight; Birthing process; Music therapy; NST; Pregnancy; State-trait anxiety

PMID:
29471206
DOI:
10.1016/j.jad.2018.02.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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