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Biol Psychol. 2013 Dec;94(3):556-61. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2013.10.005. Epub 2013 Oct 22.

Attention orienting and inhibitory control across the different mood states in bipolar disorder: an emotional antisaccade task.

Author information

1
Servicio de Psiquiatría, Hospital Universitari i Politècnic "La Fe", Valencia, Spain; ERI-Lectura, Universitat de València, Valencia, Spain. Electronic address: ana.garcia-blanco@uv.es.

Erratum in

  • Biol Psychol. 2014 Mar;97:68.

Abstract

An antisaccade experiment, using happy, sad, and neutral faces, was conducted to examine the effect of mood-congruent information on inhibitory control (antisaccade task) and attentional orienting (prosaccade task) during the different episodes of bipolar disorder (BD) - manic (n=22), depressive (n=25), and euthymic (n=24). A group of 28 healthy controls was also included. Results revealed that symptomatic patients committed more antisaccade errors than healthy individuals, especially with mood-congruent faces. The manic group committed more antisaccade errors in response to happy faces, while the depressed group tended to commit more antisaccade errors in response to sad faces. Additionally, antisaccade latencies were slower in BD patients than in healthy individuals, whereas prosaccade latencies were slower in symptomatic patients. Taken together, these findings revealed the following: (a) slow inhibitory control in BD patients, regardless of their episode (i.e., a trait), and (b) impaired inhibitory control restricted to symptomatic patients (i.e., a state).

KEYWORDS:

Affective biases; Antisaccade; Attentional control; Bipolar disorder

PMID:
24161800
DOI:
10.1016/j.biopsycho.2013.10.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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