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Inhal Toxicol. 2007 Sep;19(11):925-39.

Mathematical analysis of particle deposition in human lungs: an improved single path transport model.

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1
Center for Environmental Medicine, Asthma, and Lung Biology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.

Abstract

A dynamic single-path mathematical model was developed that is capable of analyzing detailed deposition patterns of inhaled particles in human lungs. Weibel's symmetric lung morphology was adopted as the basic lung structure, and detailed transport processes were evaluated numerically using the fully implicit procedure. Deposition efficiencies by specific mechanisms were individually examined for accuracy and new empirical formulas were incorporated whenever appropriate. Deposition in the alveolar region was divided into deposition fractions in the alveolar duct and alveoli, considering active transport processes between the two regions. The deposition fractions were obtained for each airway generation, serial lung volumetric compartments, and conventional three-compartment anatomic lung regions. In addition, the surface dose and cumulative deposition with time were analyzed. The results showed excellent agreement with available experimental data. The present model provides an improvement from the previously reported models and can be used as a tool in assessing internal dose of inhaled particles under various inhalation conditions.

PMID:
17849277
DOI:
10.1080/08958370701513014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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