Format

Send to

Choose Destination
  • Filters activated: Field: Title Word. Clear all
Pharm Res. 2016 Oct;33(10):2373-87. doi: 10.1007/s11095-016-1958-5. Epub 2016 Jun 14.

Nanoparticle-Based Medicines: A Review of FDA-Approved Materials and Clinical Trials to Date.

Bobo D1,2,3,4, Robinson KJ4,5, Islam J2,4,5, Thurecht KJ1,2,4, Corrie SR6,7,8,9.

Author information

1
Centre for Advanced Imaging, University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD, 4072, Australia.
2
Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology, University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD, 4072, Australia.
3
School of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD, 4072, Australia.
4
ARC Centre of Excellence in Convergent Bio-Nano Science and Technology, Queensland node, St Lucia, 4072, QLD, Australia.
5
Department of Chemical Engineering, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, 3800, Australia.
6
Centre for Advanced Imaging, University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD, 4072, Australia. simon.corrie@monash.edu.
7
Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology, University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD, 4072, Australia. simon.corrie@monash.edu.
8
ARC Centre of Excellence in Convergent Bio-Nano Science and Technology, Queensland node, St Lucia, 4072, QLD, Australia. simon.corrie@monash.edu.
9
Department of Chemical Engineering, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, 3800, Australia. simon.corrie@monash.edu.

Abstract

In this review we provide an up to date snapshot of nanomedicines either currently approved by the US FDA, or in the FDA clinical trials process. We define nanomedicines as therapeutic or imaging agents which comprise a nanoparticle in order to control the biodistribution, enhance the efficacy, or otherwise reduce toxicity of a drug or biologic. We identified 51 FDA-approved nanomedicines that met this definition and 77 products in clinical trials, with ~40% of trials listed in clinicaltrials.gov started in 2014 or 2015. While FDA approved materials are heavily weighted to polymeric, liposomal, and nanocrystal formulations, there is a trend towards the development of more complex materials comprising micelles, protein-based NPs, and also the emergence of a variety of inorganic and metallic particles in clinical trials. We then provide an overview of the different material categories represented in our search, highlighting nanomedicines that have either been recently approved, or are already in clinical trials. We conclude with some comments on future perspectives for nanomedicines, which we expect to include more actively-targeted materials, multi-functional materials ("theranostics") and more complicated materials that blur the boundaries of traditional material categories. A key challenge for researchers, industry, and regulators is how to classify new materials and what additional testing (e.g. safety and toxicity) is required before products become available.

KEYWORDS:

FDA; clinical trials; nanomedicine; nanoparticles; nanopharmaceuticals; nanotherpeutics

PMID:
27299311
DOI:
10.1007/s11095-016-1958-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center