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Superlattices Microstruct. 2012 Aug;52(2):200-209.

A new large - Scale synthesis of magnesium oxide nanowires: Structural and antibacterial properties.

Author information

1
Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
2
Chemistry Department, Faculty of Sciences, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
3
Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, King Abdulaziz University, North Campus, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
4
Biology Department, Faculty of Sciences, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
5
Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.

Abstract

Large-scale one-dimensional magnesium oxide (MgO) nanowires with diameters of 6 nm and lengths of 10 μm have been successfully synthesized by a new facile and simple reaction. This production was performed via a microwave hydrothermal approach at low temperature growth of 180 °C for 30 min. The structure of as synthesized MgO nanowires were investigated by means of X-ray diffraction (X-ray), Fourier Transformation Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FE-SEM), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Selected Area Electron Diffraction (SAED) and Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDS). The antibacterial behavior of MgO nanowires concentration in solid media against Gram negative and Gram positive for different bacteria has been tested in details. The results show that the MgO nanowires have bacteriostatic activity against Escherichia coli and Bacillus sp. The antibacterial activity increases with increasing MgO nanowires concentration. Furthermore, the presence of one-dimensional MgO nanowires has high antibacterial efficacy and damages the membrane wall of bacteria. Finally, this study offered the prospect of developing ultrafine nanoscale devices utilizing MgO nanowires and implementing their useful potential in biological control.

KEYWORDS:

Antibacterial properties; Magnesium oxide; Microwave hydrothermal process; Nanowires; Structural

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