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Pediatr Dermatol. 2018 Sep;35(5):e325-e327. doi: 10.1111/pde.13543. Epub 2018 Jul 1.

Anogenital warts in children: Analysis of a cohort of 34 prepubertal children.

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Department of Dermatovenereology, Centro Hospitalar de São João, EPE, Porto, Portugal.
Faculty of Medicine, Department of Microbiology, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.


Anogenital warts are caused by infection with the human papillomavirus. We reviewed the clinical data of 34 children younger than 13 with anogenital warts referred to the department of dermatovenereology of a tertiary care hospital. Suspicion of sexual abuse was raised in 11 (32.4%). Human papilloma virus testing and genotyping was performed in 19 (55.9%) children, and human papilloma virus type 16 was found in 4, which raises the question regarding what type of follow-up is required for children infected with high-risk oncogenic HPV types. Although the diagnosis of anogenital warts in children raises concerns regarding sexual abuse, our study supports that pediatric anogenital warts can be associated with nonsexual transmission.


anogenital warts; children; human papillomavirus; sexual abuse

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