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J Biol Chem. 1991 Dec 5;266(34):22792-5.

U small nuclear ribonucleoprotein requirements for nematode cis- and trans-splicing in vitro.

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Department of Molecular Biology and Microbiology, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio 44106-4960.


In nematodes, a fraction of mRNAs acquires a common 22-nucleotide 5'-terminal spliced leader sequence via a trans-splicing reaction. The same premessenger RNAs which receive the spliced leader are also processed by conventional cis-splicing. Whole cell extracts prepared from synchronous embryos of the parasitic nematode Ascaris lumbricoides catalyze both cis- and trans-splicing. We have used this cell-free system and oligodeoxynucleotide directed RNase H digestion to assess the U small nuclear RNA requirements for nematode cis- and trans-splicing. These experiments indicated that both cis- and trans-splicing require intact U2 and U4/U6 small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs). However, whereas cis-splicing displays the expected requirement for an intact U1 snRNP, trans-splicing is unaffected when approximately 90% of U1 snRNP is degraded. These results suggest that 5' splice site identification differs in nematode cis- and trans-splicing.

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