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Theriogenology. 2016 Mar 1;85(4):754-61.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2015.10.021. Epub 2015 Oct 19.

Polo-like kinase 4 regulates spindle and actin assembly in meiosis and influence of early embryonic development in bovine oocytes.

Author information

1
Department of Animal Science, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Chungbuk, Republic of Korea.
2
Department of Animal Science, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Chungbuk, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: nhkim@cbnu.ac.kr.
3
Department of Animal Science, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Chungbuk, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: xscui@cbnu.ac.kr.

Abstract

PLK4, a polo-like kinase (PLK) family member that accumulates in the cytoplasm, has been identified as a crucial regulator of centriole formation. PLK4 also controls several essential cellular functions, including cytokinesis and gene expression. In this study, we investigated the expression and function of PLK4 during bovine oocyte meiotic maturation and subsequent embryo development. The PLK4 mRNA was detected in bovine oocytes at all developmental stages during meiotic maturation. Immunofluorescence staining showed that PLK4 protein exhibited a dynamic localization pattern in the oocyte cytoplasm during meiotic maturation, and fluorescence immunostaining markedly increased in metaphase II. When an interfering double-stranded RNA targeting PLK4 was injected into germinal vesicle-stage oocytes, PLK4 transcript levels decreased significantly in metaphase II oocytes (P < 0.05). The PLK4 knockdown caused spindle defects and chromosome misalignment and considerably reduced the amount of cortical and cytoplasmic actin. PLK4 was localized in the cytoplasm of early embryos, and PLK4 knockdown in germinal vesicle-stage oocytes led to failure in the early development of in vitro fertilized embryos (P < 0.05). Taken together, these results indicated that PLK4 plays crucial roles in bovine oocyte meiotic maturation and subsequent early embryo development.

KEYWORDS:

Bovine; Embryo development; Oocyte meiotic maturation; PLK4

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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