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Vet Res. 2001 Sep-Oct;32(5):491-8.

Influence of HMB (beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate) on antibody secreting cells (ASC) after in vitro and in vivo immunization with the anti-Yersinia ruckeri vaccine of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).

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Department of Microbiology and Clinical Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University in Olsztyn, Poland.


In practice, protection of fish against disease by immunization is of limited effectiveness. Therefore, research is concentrated on how to improve the potency and efficacy of vaccines and how to optimally activate the cell-mediated immunity and the specific antibody response. In the present study, the influence of HMB (beta-Hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate) on the antibody secreting cells (ASC) after both in vitro and in vivo immunization of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) with the anti-yersiniosis vaccine was studied. For in vitro immunization, the spleens from 160 fish were sampled and placed each in 35 mm sterile wells with medium containing HMB at concentrations of 0, 0.1, 1, 5, 10, 25, 50 or 100 microg/mL of medium. The spleens from 80 fish were injected with the vaccine and incubated at 14 degrees C for 10 days. For the in vivo study, fish were fed pellets containing HMB at doses of 0, 10, 25 and 50 mg/kg bw per day. After 2 weeks of HMB supplementation, the fish were immunized by intraperitoneal injection of the vaccine. At 7, 14, 18, 21, 28 and 35 days after immunization, pronephros were taken from 10 fish in each group for testing. When analyzed by the ELISPOT assay, HMB increased the number of splenic ASC after in vitro immunization at concentrations between 10 and 100 microg/mL (P < 0.05). Dietary HMB also increased the number of total and specific ASC when the fish were vaccinated in vivo. In conclusion, the results of the present study showed that HMB increases the levels of specific ASC after both in vitro and in vivo immunization of rainbow trout with the anti-Yersinia ruckeri vaccine.

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