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Eur J Immunol. 1995 Jan;25(1):37-41.

Reduced development of CD4-8-B220+ T cells but normal autoantibody production in lpr/lpr mice lacking major histocompatibility complex class I molecules.

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Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, University of Lausanne, Epalinges, Switzerland.


The lpr gene has recently been shown to encode a functional mutation in the Fas receptor, a molecule involved in transducing apoptotic signals. Mice homozygous for the lpr gene develop an autoimmune syndrome accompanied by massive accumulation of double-negative (DN) CD4-8-B220+ T cell receptor-alpha/beta+ cells. In order to investigate the origin of these DN T cells, we derived lpr/lpr mice lacking major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules by intercrossing them with beta 2-microglobulin (beta 2m)-deficient mice. Interestingly, these lpr beta 2m-/- mice develop 13-fold fewer DNT cells in lymph nodes as compared to lpr/lpr wild-type (lprWT) mice. Analysis of anti-DNA antibodies and rheumatoid factor in serum demonstrates that lpr beta 2m-/- mice produce comparable levels of autoantibodies to lprWT mice. Collectively our data indicate that MHC class I molecules control the development of DN T cells but not autoantibody production in lpr/lpr mice and support the hypothesis that the majority of DN T cells may be derived from cells of the CD8 lineage.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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