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Heredity (Edinb). 2016 Feb;116(2):177-81. doi: 10.1038/hdy.2015.83. Epub 2015 Sep 16.

High-density sex-specific linkage maps of a European tree frog (Hyla arborea) identify the sex chromosome without information on offspring sex.

Author information

1
Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Abstract

Identifying homology between sex chromosomes of different species is essential to understanding the evolution of sex determination. Here, we show that the identity of a homomorphic sex chromosome pair can be established using a linkage map, without information on offspring sex. By comparing sex-specific maps of the European tree frog Hyla arborea, we find that the sex chromosome (linkage group 1) shows a threefold difference in marker number between the male and female maps. In contrast, the number of markers on each autosome is similar between the two maps. We also find strongly conserved synteny between H. arborea and Xenopus tropicalis across 200 million years of evolution, suggesting that the rate of chromosomal rearrangement in anurans is low. Finally, we show that recombination in males is greatly reduced at the centers of large chromosomes, consistent with previous cytogenetic findings. Our research shows the importance of high-density linkage maps for studies of recombination, chromosomal rearrangement and the genetic architecture of ecologically or economically important traits.

PMID:
26374238
PMCID:
PMC4806884
DOI:
10.1038/hdy.2015.83
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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