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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1986 Jan;236(1):237-47.

Inactivation of cytochrome P-450 by the drug methoxsalen.

Abstract

Administration of methoxsalen (50 mumol X kg-1 i.p.) increased 4-fold the hexobarbital sleeping time in rats; at this low dose, SKF 525-A, piperonyl butoxide and cimetidine had little or no effect. In vitro, the concentration of methoxsalen inhibiting by 50% monooxygenase activities ranged from 10 microM (for benzo(a)-pyrene and hexobarbital hydroxylases] to 25 microM for 7-ethoxy-coumarin deethylase and aminopyrine demethylase); these values were in the range of those observed with SKF 525-A (1-50 microM) or piperonyl butoxide (10-100 microM) but much lower than those for cimetidine (100-500 microM). Methoxsalen (25-1000 microM) decreased cytochrome P-450 in vitro, in the presence of EDTA; this effect required NADPH and oxygen, was decreased by piperonyl butoxide and was increased by phenobarbital pretreatment. Similarly, administration of methoxsalen (125 mumol X kg-1 i.p.) decreased cytochrome P-450 and monooxygenase activities in vivo; the decrease in cytochrome P-450 was enhanced by phenobarbital pretreatment and was prevented by piperonyl butoxide. There was no evidence for lipid peroxidation, denaturation into cytochrome P-420, formation of cytochrome P-450-metabolite complexes, destruction of heme or formation of green pigments. In contrast, a reactive metabolite of methoxsalen covalently bound to microsomal proteins; covalent binding required NADPH and oxygen, was decreased by piperonyl butoxide and was increased by phenobarbital pretreatment. We conclude that methoxsalen is activated into a metabolite which destroys cytochrome P-450.

PMID:
3941395
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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