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J Orthop Res. 2020 Jan 16. doi: 10.1002/jor.24591. [Epub ahead of print]

A method to assess primary stability of acetabular components in association with bone defects.

Author information

1
Research & Development, Aesculap AG, Am Aesculap-Platz, Tuttlingen, Germany.
2
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Munich, Germany.
3
Department of Biomechatronics, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Technische Universität Ilmenau, Ilmenau, Germany.
4
Department of Industrial Engineering, School of Engineering and Architecture, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy.
5
Julius Wolff Institute, Joint Loading & Musculoskeletal Analysis, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to develop a simplified acetabular bone defect model based on a representative clinical case, derive four bone defect increments from the simplified defect to establish a step-wise testing procedure, and analyze the impact of bone defect and bone defect filling on primary stability of a press-fit cup in the smallest defined bone defect increment. The original bone defect was approximated with nine reaming procedures and by exclusion of specific procedures, four defect increments were derived. The smallest increment was used in an artificial acetabular test model to test primary stability of a press-fit cup in combination with bone graft substitute (BGS). A primary acetabular test model and a defect model without filling were used as reference. Load was applied in direction of level walking in sinusoidal waveform with an incrementally increasing maximum load (300 N/1000 cycles from 600 to 3000 N). Relative motions (inducible displacement, migration, and total motion) between cup and test model were assessed with an optical measurement system. Original and simplified bone defect volume showed a conformity of 99%. Maximum total motion in the primary setup at 600 N (45.7 ± 5.6 µm) was in a range comparable to tests in human donor specimens (36.0 ± 16.8 µm). Primary stability was reduced by the bone defect, but could mostly be reestablished by BGS-filling. The presented method could be used as platform to test and compare different treatment strategies for increasing bone defect severity in a standardized way.

KEYWORDS:

acetabular bone defect model; bone graft substitute; optical measurement; primary stability

PMID:
31944372
DOI:
10.1002/jor.24591

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