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Avian Pathol. 2019 Aug 8:1-12. doi: 10.1080/03079457.2019.1654087. [Epub ahead of print]

Histomonosis (blackhead disease): a re-emerging disease in turkeys and chickens.

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a Clinic for Poultry and Fish Medicine, Department for Farm Animals and Veterinary Public Health, University of Veterinary Medicine , 1210 Vienna , Austria.
b Christian Doppler Laboratory for Innovative Poultry Vaccines , Vienna , Austria.


Histomonosis or blackhead disease is a well-known disease in turkeys that can cause high mortality but outbreaks with lower losses are also observed. The disease is less fatal in chickens but economically important due to reduced performance and its co-appearance with colibacillosis. The lack of specific prophylactic and therapeutic interventions led to a re-emergence of the disease in recent years, mainly in turkeys, free-range layers and chicken parent stock.


; blackhead disease; histomonosis; paromomycin; vaccination

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