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Sci Rep. 2019 Jun 24;9(1):9148. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-45694-y.

Weight Bearing Activities change the Pivot Position after Total Knee Arthroplasty.

Author information

1
Julius Wolff Institute, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany. philippe.moewis@charite.de.
2
Krankenhaus Märkisch-Oderland GmBH, Wriezen, Germany.
3
Medizinischen Hochschule Brandenburg Theodor Fontane, Neuruppin, Germany.
4
Julius Wolff Institute, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.
5
Sporthopaedicum Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.

Abstract

The knee joint center of rotation is altered in the absence of the anterior cruciate ligament, which leads to substantially higher variance in kinematic patterns. To overcome this, total knee arthroplasty (TKA) designs with a high congruency in the lateral compartment have been proposed. The purpose of this study was to analyze the influence of a lateral pivot TKA-design on in-vivo knee joint kinematics. Tibiofemoral motion was retrospectively addressed in 10 patients during unloaded flexion-extension and loaded lunge using single plane fluoroscopy. During the unloaded flexion-extension movement, the lateral condyle remained almost stationary with little rollback at maximum flexion. The medial condyle exhibited anterior translation during the whole flexion cycle. During the loaded lunge movement, a higher degree of rollback compared to the unloaded activity was observed on the lateral condyle, whereas the medial condyle remained almost stationary. The results showed a clear lateral pivot during the unloaded activity, reflective of the implant's geometric characteristics, and a change to a medial pivot and a higher lateral rollback during the weight-bearing conditions, revealing the impact of load and muscle force. It remains unclear if the kinematics with a lateral TKA design could be considered as physiological, due to the limited knowledge available on native knee joint kinematics.

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