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Euro Surveill. 2018 Oct;23(43). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2018.23.43.1800545.

Increase in human West Nile and Usutu virus infections, Austria, 2018.

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These authors contributed equally to this article and share first authorship.
Center for Virology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
Viral Zoonoses, Emerging and Vector-Borne Infections Group, Institute of Virology, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
Austrian Red Cross, Blood Service for Vienna, Lower Austria and Burgenland, Vienna, Austria.
Department of Medicine IV, Kaiser Franz Josef Hospital, Vienna, Austria.
German Red Cross, Blood Donor Service Baden-W├╝rttemberg-Hessen, Institute for Transfusion Medicine and Immunohaematology, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
Department of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Mohammed Bin Rashid University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.


Between 28 June and 17 September 2018, 27 cases of human West Nile virus infections were recorded in Austria; four cases of West Nile neuroinvasive disease, 11 cases of West Nile fever, six infections detected by blood donation screening and six imported cases. In addition, 18 cases of human Usutu virus infections (all blood donors) were recorded. This is the highest number of annual infections recorded in Austria since the introduction of both viruses.


Austria; Usutu virus; West Nile fever; West Nile neuroinvasive disease; West Nile virus; blood donor

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