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Herz. 2018 Jun;43(4):352-358. doi: 10.1007/s00059-017-4575-0. Epub 2017 May 22.

European guidelines on lifestyle changes for management of hypertension : Awareness and implementation of recommendations among German and European physicians.

Author information

1
Institut für Klinische Pharmakologie und Toxikologie, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Charitéplatz 1, 10117, Berlin, Germany. juliane.bolbrinker@charite.de.
2
Institut für Klinische Pharmakologie und Toxikologie, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Charitéplatz 1, 10117, Berlin, Germany.
3
, Neue Kirchstr. 22, 79282, Ballrechten-Dottingen, Germany.
4
Institut für Sportwissenschaft, Arbeitsbereich Sportmedizin, Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Olshausenstraße 74, 24098, Kiel, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In the 2013 European Society of Hypertension (ESH) and European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines for the management of arterial hypertension, six lifestyle changes for treatment are recommended for the first time with class I, level of evidence A. We initiated a survey among physicians to explore their awareness and consideration of lifestyle changes in hypertension management.

METHODS:

The survey included questions regarding demographics as well as awareness and implementation of the recommended lifestyle changes. It was conducted at two German and two European scientific meetings in 2015.

RESULTS:

In all, 1064 (37.4% female) physicians participated (806 at the European and 258 at the German meetings). Of the six recommended lifestyle changes, self-reported awareness was highest for regular exercise (85.8%) followed by reduction of weight (66.2%). The least frequently self-reported lifestyle changes were the advice to quit smoking (47.3%) and moderation of alcohol consumption (36.3%). Similar frequencies were observed for the lifestyle changes implemented by physicians in their care of patients.

CONCLUSION:

A close correlation between awareness of guideline recommendations and their implementation into clinical management was observed. European physicians place a stronger emphasis on regular exercise and weight reduction than on the other recommended lifestyle changes. Moderation of alcohol consumption is the least emphasized lifestyle change.

KEYWORDS:

Blood pressure, high; Disease management; Guidelines; Healthy lifestyle; Implementation

PMID:
28534177
DOI:
10.1007/s00059-017-4575-0

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