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Clin Nutr. 2016 Oct;35(5):1140-6. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2015.09.008. Epub 2015 Oct 1.

Underweight and malnutrition in home care: A multicenter study.

Author information

1
Department of Health and Nursing Science, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Augustenburger Platz 1, D-13359 Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: nils.lahmann@charite.de.
2
Department of Health and Nursing Science, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Augustenburger Platz 1, D-13359 Berlin, Germany.
3
Centre for Quality in Care Foundation, Reinhardtstr. 45, D-10117 Berlin, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES:

This study aimed to provide representative figures about the prevalence of underweight and malnutrition among home care clients, and to determine the associated risk factors and the provided nutritional nursing interventions.

METHODS:

In 2012, a multicenter point prevalence study was conducted among 878 randomly selected clients from 100 randomly selected home care services across Germany. Following a standardized study protocol, demographics, nutritional assessments (Body Mass Index, Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST), Mini nutritional Assessment - short form (MNA-sf), nurses' clinical judgment on nutritional status) and interventions were assessed. Common nutritional risk factors for underweight and malnutrition were analyzed in a logistic regression model.

RESULTS:

Malnutrition figures varied between 4.8% (MNA-sf) and 6.8% (MUST), underweight between 8.7% (BMI < 20 kg/m(2)) and 10.2% (clinical judgment). Missing values were high in both malnutrition assessments (MNA-sf 48.8%, MUST 39.1%) due to a lack of information on many clients' loss of weight within the past 3-6 months. Regular weighing was performed in 33.6-57.3% of all clients, depending on weight and nutritional status. Mental overload (OR 8.1/4.4), needs help with feeding (OR 5.0/2.8) and loss of appetite (OR 3.6/3.9) were highly associated with malnutrition/underweight.

CONCLUSION:

Malnutrition and underweight are important issues in home care clients. Regular weighing should be performed in all home care clients so that a potential weight loss can be detected in time.

KEYWORDS:

Home care; Intervention; MNA; MUST; Malnutrition; Underweight

PMID:
26460221
DOI:
10.1016/j.clnu.2015.09.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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